15 January 2011

Orange Headed Thrush (Zoothera citrina)

The Orange-headed Thrush (Zoothera citrina) is a bird in the thrush family.

It is common in well-wooded areas of IndiaChina and southeast Asia. Most populations are resident. The species shows a preference for shady damp areas, and like many Zoothera thrushes, can be quite secretive.

The Orange-headed Thrush is omnivorous, eating a wide range of insectsearthworms and fruit. It nests in trees but does not form flocks.The male of this small thrush has uniform grey upper parts, and an orange head and underparts. The females and young birds have browner upper parts.

The Orange-headed Thrush breeds from north Pakistan east through India and Sri Lanka to southern China, and through Southeast Asia to Java.[3] Its habitat is moist broadleaved evergreen woodlands, with a medium-density undergrowth of bushes and ferns, but it also utilises bamboo forests and secondary growth.Z. c. cyanotus also occurs in large gardens and orchards.[3]
This species is often found in damp areas, near streams or in shady ravines. It occurs between 250–1830 metres (825– 6040 ft) in the Himalayas and up to about 1500 metres (5000 ft) in Malaysia, Thailand and Java. Z. c. aurata is resident between 1000–1630 metres (3300–5400 ft) on Mt Kinabalu and Mt Trus Madi, northern Borneo. Some of the subspecies are completely or partially migratory; their wintering habitat is similar to the breeding forests, but more likely to be at lower altitudes.[3][7]

The Orange-headed Thrush is a shy, secretive bird usually occurring alone or in pairs, but is comparatively more easily seen than many other Zootherathrushes, and several birds may congregate outside the breeding season at a good food source. It has a swift, silent flight, but when disturbed will often sit motionless until the threat has passed.[3]

No comments:

Post a Comment